Before discussing the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence, let us first understand what artificial intelligence is. Artificial intelligence provides computer programs with the ability to think and learn independently. It simulates human intelligence as a machine to replace humans.
According to its capabilities, artificial intelligence is mainly divided into three types: weak artificial intelligence, strong artificial intelligence and super artificial intelligence.
Weak AI: Focused on one task and unable to go beyond its limits (common in our daily life)
Strong AI: Can understand and learn any intellectual task a human can do (researchers are working towards a strong AI)
Super AI: Surpasses human intelligence and can perform any task better than humans (still a concept)
Advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence
Advantages of artificial intelligence
1. Reduce human error
One of the greatest advantages of artificial intelligence is that it can significantly reduce errors and increase accuracy and precision. The decisions AI makes at each step are informed by previously collected information and a set of algorithms. These errors can be reduced to zero if programmed properly.
2. Zero risk
Another great advantage of artificial intelligence is that humans can overcome many risks by letting artificial intelligence robots do these things for us. Whether defusing bombs, exploring space and oceans, robots made of metal are better adapted to survive in harsh environments than humans.
3. 24×7 Availability
There are many studies showing that humans are only productive for about 3 to 4 hours a day. Humans also need breaks and vacations to balance their work and personal lives. But AI can work endlessly without interruption. They think much faster than humans and perform multiple tasks at once with accurate results. They can even easily handle tedious and repetitive tasks with the help of artificial intelligence algorithms.
4. Digital assistance
Some of the most technologically advanced companies use digital assistants to interact with users, eliminating the need for human labor. Many websites utilize chatbots to serve users. Even some chatbots make it difficult for us to tell whether we are talking to a human or a chatbot.
5. Invention and Innovation
In almost every field, artificial intelligence is the driving force behind numerous innovations that will help humans solve the most challenging problems.
6. More fair
Whether we like it or not, humans are driven by emotions. AI, on the other hand, has no emotions and is very practical and rational in its approach. A huge advantage of artificial intelligence is that it is free of any bias, thus ensuring more accurate decisions.
7. Perform repetitive tasks
As part of our daily work, we perform a number of repetitive tasks such as checking documents for defects and mailing thank you notes. We can use artificial intelligence to effectively automate these menial chores, and even eliminate people’s “boring” tasks, allowing them to focus on being more creative.
8. Reduce the chance of error
Since the decisions made by the machine are based on previous data records and a combination of algorithms, there is less chance of error. This is an achievement because solving complex problems that require computational difficulty can be done without any margin of error.
Have you heard of smart assistants? Advanced business enterprises use intelligent assistants to interact with users, which can help save time and help businesses meet user needs without waiting. They are programmed to provide the best possible assistance to the user.
9. Right decision
Having a machine completely devoid of emotion would make it more efficient, and they would be able to make the right decision in a short amount of time. The best example is its application in the field of healthcare. Integrating artificial intelligence tools into healthcare can improve cure rates by minimizing the risk of wrong diagnoses.
10. Implementing Artificial Intelligence in Dangerous Situations
In certain situations where personal safety is vulnerable, machines equipped with predetermined algorithms may be used. Today, scientists are using sophisticated machines to study the ocean floor, where human survival is difficult.
This is one of the biggest limitations that AI can help overcome.
11. Can work continuously
Unlike humans, a machine doesn’t get tired even if it has to work for hours on end. This is a major benefit to humans, who need time off to be productive. However, as far as machines are concerned, their efficiency is not affected by any external factors, nor does it prevent continuous work.
Disadvantages of artificial intelligence
1. High cost
The ability to create a machine that can mimic human intelligence is no small feat. It takes a lot of time and resources, and can cost a lot of money. AI also needs to run on the latest hardware and software to keep it updated and meet the latest requirements, so the cost is very high.
2. No creativity
One of the big downsides of artificial intelligence is that it cannot learn to think outside the box. AI is able to learn over time using pre-input data and past experience, but cannot be creative in its approach.
AI applications can automate most of the tedious and repetitive tasks. Since we don’t have to remember things or solve puzzles to get things done, we tend to use our brains less and less. This reliance on artificial intelligence could cause problems for future generations.
4. Expensive to implement
When the cost of installation, maintenance and repair is combined, AI is an expensive proposition that those with deep pockets and businesses can implement. However, businesses and industries without funds will find it difficult to implement AI technologies into their processes or strategies.
5. Dependence on machines
With the increasing dependence of humans on machines, we are in an era where it is difficult for humans to work without the help of machines. We’ve used it in the past, and no doubt we’ll continue to use it in the future, and our reliance on machines will only increase. As a result, human mental and thinking abilities decrease over time.
6. Replace low-skilled jobs
This is by far the primary concern of technologists. AI is likely to replace many low-skilled jobs. Since machines can work 24*7 non-stop, businesses prefer to invest in machines as compared to humans. As we move towards an automated world, where nearly every task will be performed by machines, there is the potential for mass unemployment. A practical example of this is self-driving cars, which could put millions of drivers out of work in the future if they start appearing.
7. Work restrictions
AI machines are programmed to perform certain tasks based on the training and programming they have been given. Relying on machines to adapt to new circumstances, to be creative, to think outside the box would be a huge mistake. This is impossible because their minds are limited to the algorithms they have been trained to do.
8. Loss of human creativity
The key question is do you really want to be creative and imaginative? Creativity and imagination are not the forte of artificial intelligence. Although they can help humans design and create, they do not have the power of thought and the uniqueness of creative thinking that the human brain has. Human beings are sensitive and emotional. Humans can see, hear, think, feel. The human mind is led by emotion, an ability that machines lack entirely. The innate intuitive abilities of the human brain cannot be replicated.
9. Negative effects of completing repetitive tasks
Unlike humans, AI will not improve itself with experience. It will wear out over time. Artificial intelligence stores a lot of data, but its methods of obtaining and using data are very different from humans. A machine cannot change its state as the environment changes. Humanity is constantly bombarded with heady questions about replacing humans with machines. In the world of artificial intelligence, work has nothing to do with dedication and enthusiasm. In the dictionary of machine intelligence, there is never care and worry. There is no sense of belonging, team spirit, or personal feeling. They can’t tell the difference between a hard worker and an unproductive one.
10. Lack of morality
Machine-measurable ethics or fairness are difficult to design and communicate. It’s hard to teach an AI to be right unless engineers provide the concept.
When a robot needs to estimate a specific situation, the cost-effective approach will remain the most reliable.
To prevent disastrous consequences, we need to realize the importance of ethical principles.